ARLA/CLUSTER: Nokia desenvolve telemóvel que se auto-carregam com a radiação ambiente.

João Gonçalves Costa joao.a.costa
Segunda-Feira, 13 de Julho de 2009 - 14:33:45 WEST

Engenheiros da Nokia anunciaram a possibilidade que com os níveis actuais das radiações electromagnéticas presentes no ambiente, estas poderem vir a servir para recarregar as baterias dos telemóveis. 

A energia provém de todos os sistemas que irradiam energia electromagnéticos para o ambiente como sejam, Internet sem fios, rádios, emissões de TV terrestre, as próprias antenas dos telemóveis, etc.

A ideia parece fantástica e de certa forma tem algum sentido, basta pensar no velho rádio de galena...

Coloca-se também a questão se com um número elevado de telemóveis, será significativa a energia que as baterias conseguem reter. Mas poderá ser um bom mecanismo para não ficar sem bateria numa emergência.

Nokia developing self-charging cell phone 

No more telling Mom you can't talk because your cell phone is "about to die"--it soon could be charging itself as you speak.
The Nokia Research Centre in Cambridge, England, is working on a prototype system that would eliminate the traditional cell phone charger.
The system collects energy from ambient radio waves emitted by antennas, TV masts, Wi-Fi transmitters, and the like. This might all sound uber-scientific, but we've been using this technology for years. Have you ever exited a store, only to hear the beep, beep, beep of an accusing alarm system? Many retailers use radio frequency identification to prevent theft and track inventory. Like RFID tags, the Nokia phones would catch radio waves across a range of frequencies, harnessing them for power.
Nokia's goal is to get cell phones to harvest about 50 milliwatts of power. Currently the prototypes are able to harvest up to 5 milliwatts, but at least 20 milliwatts is needed to keep phones running in standby mode indefinitely without the need for a recharge, the U.K.'s Guardian reports in an article on Nokia's research.
We're not quite sure what features 50 milliwatts could power: music playing? 3G Internet browsing? As consumers increase their business- and entertainment-related dependency on cell phones, Nokia might have to adjust its 50-milliwatt goal. For a more functional lifestyle device, the phone would need to be paired with a solar-paneled case, or even an occasional wired charge.
The Nokia Research Centre has said the technology will take three to five years to develop. Though this would presumably be the first time electromagnetic radiation is applied to a mainstream consumer product, wireless charging has already hit the market. This month, Palm introduced a wireless charger, the Touchstone, for its much-anticipated Palm Pre.
The Touchstone uses a method referred to as inductive charging. The electric toothbrush is one of the most common devices that applies this technology.

Fonte: This Week in Amateur Radio.

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